Plant Transcription Factor Database
Previous version: v3.0
Nelumbo nucifera
FAR1 Family
Species TF ID Description
NNU_000933-RAFAR1 family protein
NNU_003782-RAFAR1 family protein
NNU_004563-RAFAR1 family protein
NNU_007909-RAFAR1 family protein
NNU_008771-RAFAR1 family protein
NNU_009108-RAFAR1 family protein
NNU_009809-RAFAR1 family protein
NNU_011469-RAFAR1 family protein
NNU_012699-RAFAR1 family protein
NNU_013405-RAFAR1 family protein
NNU_013406-RAFAR1 family protein
NNU_014023-RAFAR1 family protein
NNU_014567-RAFAR1 family protein
NNU_014568-RAFAR1 family protein
NNU_014572-RAFAR1 family protein
NNU_014573-RAFAR1 family protein
NNU_014574-RAFAR1 family protein
NNU_014575-RAFAR1 family protein
NNU_014578-RAFAR1 family protein
NNU_015625-RAFAR1 family protein
NNU_016042-RAFAR1 family protein
NNU_017730-RAFAR1 family protein
NNU_018306-RAFAR1 family protein
NNU_019912-RAFAR1 family protein
NNU_024692-RAFAR1 family protein
NNU_025370-RAFAR1 family protein
NNU_025692-RAFAR1 family protein
NNU_025693-RAFAR1 family protein
NNU_025948-RAFAR1 family protein
NNU_026215-RAFAR1 family protein
FAR1 Family Introduction

We show that Arabidopsis FHY3 and FAR1, which encode two proteins related to Mutator-like transposases, act together to modulate phyA signaling by directly activating the transcription of FHY1 and FHL, whose products are essential for light-induced phyA nuclear accumulation and subsequent light responses. FHY3 and FAR1 have separable DNA binding and transcriptional activation domains that are highly conserved in Mutator-like transposases. Further, expression of FHY3 and FAR1 is negatively regulated by phyA signaling. We propose that FHY3 and FAR1 represent transcription factors that have been co-opted from an ancient Mutator-like transposase(s) to modulate phyA-signaling homeostasis in higher plants.

We next used a yeast one-hybrid assay to delineate the DNA sequences to which FHY3 and FAR1 bind. GAD-FHY3 or GAD-FAR1 fusion proteins (GAD, GAL4 transcriptional activation domain), but not GAD alone, activated the LacZ reporter genes driven by the FHY1 and FHL promoters. Deletion analysis narrowed down the FHY3/FAR1 binding site to a 39-bp promoter subfragment located on the "a" fragment for both FHY1 and FHL. Notably, these subfragments share a stretch of consensus sequence, 5'-TTCACGCGCC-3'. Mutating the core sequence "CACGCGC" of this motif (m2 and m3 for FHY1, m5 for FHL) abolished the reporter gene activation by both GAD-FHY3 and GAD-FAR1. Mutating the flanking sequences (m1 and m4) did not obviously affect the reporter gene activation by GAD-FAR1, but clearly reduced activation by GAD-FHY3. Thus, "CACGCGC" likely defines a cis-element that confers specific binding for FHY3 and FAR1 and is named FBS for FHY3-FAR1 binding site.

Lin R, Ding L, Casola C, Ripoll DR, Feschotte C, Wang H.
Transposase-derived transcription factors regulate light signaling in Arabidopsis.
Science, 2007. 318(5854): p. 1302-5.
PMID: 18033885